By Ylenia Brilli

This paper analyzes the effects of maternal and nonparental time on a child’s cognitive development. Using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we estimate a model that allows the mother’s time productivity to depend on her education level and that distinguishes between formal and informal care. The results show that childcare time of high-educated mothers is more productive than that of low-educated mothers and that of nonparental care. The simulation of policies subsidizing mothers’ wages or regulating the nonparental care market indicates that children with low-educated mothers benefit more from replacing maternal time with nonparental time.

The paper previously circulated with the title “Mother or market care? A structural estimation of child care impacts on child development”, and was awarded the 2013 Prize in memory of Etta Chiuri (motivations).

Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2022


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Paper (654.39 KB)
Appendix (623.88 KB)